Cracking up: the legacy of Celtic Tiger Ireland | Independent

16 May 2017

In the  Independent article “Cracking up: the legacy of Celtic Tiger Ireland” by Kim Bielenberg, 15th May 2017, the mounting crisis of ‘celtic tiger’ defective buildings is explored.

There are over 30 large residential projects known to have significant defects- a list is included at the bottom of the post. Remarkably, Ireland has maintained a unique ‘hands-off’ 100% system of self-certification of building standards, where developers can still employ private building inspectors directly and state still has no role in testing compliance with building standards. With recently announced stimulus measures aimed at the private housing sector by Minister Coveney, similar quality and workmanship issues may return to the sector.

Full story here. Extract:

Cracking up: the legacy of Celtic Tiger Ireland

The Celtic Tiger era has left a ­shoddy ­building ­legacy. ­Thousands of homes built during the boom have been found to be ­defective. And all too often ­homeowners are left ­footing the bill. Kim Bielenberg ­reports on a ­mounting crisis

“Kevin Hollingsworth is still shocked by the poor standards of construction that he sees in his work as a building surveyor.

“Many are living in substandard conditions as a result of a lack of proper building controls from the early 1990s until 2013…There was no consumer protection.”

The Celtic Tiger era has left a shoddy building legacy, and it is a crisis that is in many places still only becoming apparent. At the moment, for understandable reasons, attention is focused on the housing shortage. But there is also a mounting crisis over appalling construction standards.

All over the country, thousands of homes that were built during the boom have been found to be defective. And in many cases, the botched building jobs are only now coming to light.

Some high-profile developments have made the headlines, but many in the property business believe these are just the tip of the iceberg. Residents of Priory Hall had to abandon their apartments over fire safety issues. At Longboat Quay they faced huge costs because of defective fire safety features. There are also fire safety issues at the massive apartment scheme at Beacon South Quarter, and these came to light when there were moves to fix a problem with water leaking into two of the blocks.

In the most extreme cases, such as the hundreds of houses built with defective building blocks in Donegal, homes are literally crumbling. And then there is the pyrite crisis – the mineral commonly used to build foundations has caused floors and walls to crack in thousands of homes… In many cases the problems relate to fire safety, water leaking in from the outside, sewerage problems and defective building materials.

Killian Ryan was one of those who was shocked to discover earlier this year that he faces a likely bill of over €15,000 to fix defects in his apartment block at Beacon South Quarter in Dublin… Ryan says there are more rights for consumers buying a doll’s house than if they buy a real home.

Construction lawyer Deirdre Ní Fhloinn agrees. “You have more rights if something goes wrong with the iPhone in your pocket than when you buy a home,” she says.

Fortunately, there have been no major fire disasters in shoddy apartment blocks that went up in the Celtic Tiger era.

But we were given a warning of what could happen when a row of six terraced timber-framed houses at Millfield Manor in Newbridge, Co Kildare went up in flames in just 30 minutes in April 2015. According to a consultant’s report , the walls that separated the houses had “numerous deficiencies”, including “inadequate fire-stopping”. The report found that the timber frame partitions did not run to the underside of the roof.

Terrace Inferno

Dublin architect Mel Reynolds says that fire should have been the canary in the coalmine that led the Government to take action. “Walls between houses are supposed to be fire resistant for 60 minutes. You are supposed to have an hour to get out if a fire starts in a house next door to you. It is appalling that six houses burnt down so quickly. If it was at night, there could have been five or six families dead.”

The potential implications of the Millfield Manor fire are huge. What is to be done if there are thousands of similar developments all over the country?

After the fire there was such alarm at the defects that the then Environment minister Alan Kelly commissioned a report. This was supposed to look into risks faced by residents in apartment developments and housing estates across the country. The minister said at the time: “I am acutely aware of the stressful and distressing situation facing homeowners, such as those in Millfield Estate in Newbridge, who simply do not know whether the home they live in is safe and secure from the risk of fire.”

The report was due to be published in January of last year, and is now complete, but the Department of Housing under Simon Coveney is sitting on it.

Asked to explain the delay, a spokesman for the department told Review: “The report of Steering Group to address non-compliance with fire safety requirements in residential developments remains under examination and the Department is seeking clarification on a number of issues.”

One of the major causes of the crisis was that developments could be built in the Celtic Tiger era without any proper fire inspection. A system of self-certification had been introduced by Environment Minister Pádraig Flynn in 1990. Since 2014, under new regulations, inspections at the time of construction have become more rigorous.

Hollingsworth says another problem is that builders used different construction techniques to save time and money.

During the boom times there was a move away from traditional building with blocks and cavity walls. Builders preferred system-built construction. Ready-made walls arrived as panels on the backs of lorries and were pieced together in jig time on site.

Many builders were not used to this. “Often the seals were not done properly, and there are now problems with water ingress and condensation,” Hollingsworth says.

Burying heads in sand

There are also many defects with timber frame houses, which became popular during the boom. Donegal engineer Damien McKay says the quality of timber-frame houses built during the Celtic Tiger era was variable. “There were some reputable well-established companies doing it, but then new companies were set up out of the blue and they had no experience of that kind of system at all.”

According to McKay, in poorly built timber-frame homes there are often problems with weather-proofing, insulation and air-tightness.

Architect Mel Reynolds says timber-frame houses can be excellent, but they require exacting standards… Reynolds says local authorities and the Government are not really facing up to the problems caused by our defective buildings. “They are burying their heads in the sand… Because the construction sector is self-policed this shoddy workmanship will continue. If we replicate the same environment from 2004 where building output doubles in two or three years, we are going to have the same quality issues that we had before.”

State must step in as regulator

Construction lawyer Deirdre Ní Fhloinn says Irish law is stacked against homebuyers who discover defects in their properties. She says there is a pressing need for a building regulator to oversee the sector. We have regulators for telecoms, data protection and food safety, but none for a sector that has exposed the State and homeowners to huge costs as a result of shoddy practices.

“In this country you need a licence to drive a taxi, but you don’t need a licence to build a house,” says Ms Ní Fhloinn. The lawyer who specialises in building defects says the State needs to step in as a regulator.

“It should be monitoring what is happening across the country and it should be licensing builders. It should be putting together a picture of the most common problems – issues such as fire safety, water getting into buildings and structural defects.”

The lawyer says the response of the Government to the spate of revelations about building defects has been inadequate… “There should have been experts appointed to look across the whole country at what happened, why it happened, and what lessons we need to learn.”


  1. Longboat Quay, Dublin (see RTE news link here)
  2. Gallery Quay, Dublin (see UTV news link here)
  3. Priory Hall, Dublin (see link here)
  4. Shangan Hall, Dublin (see pdf link here)
  5. Shankill, Dublin (see news link here)
  6. Balgaddy, Dublin (see Echo link here)
  7. Prospect Hill, Dublin (see Irish Independent link here)
  8. Belmayne, Dublin (see Irish Independent link here)
  9. Thornfield Square, Clondalkin, Dublin (see Irish Independent link here)
  10. Foxford Court, Lucan, Dublin (see Irish Independent link here)
  11. The Laurels, Dundrum, Dublin (see news link here)
  12. Ballymun, Dublin (see news link here)
  13. Gleann Riada, Longford (see Longford Leader link here)
  14. Millfield Manor, Newbridge, Kildare (see Irish Examiner link here)
  15. Old Court Estate,  Bray, Wicklow (see Irish Independent link here)
  16. Glentore, Athlone, Westmeath (see herald link here)
  17. Glending, Wicklow (see Irish Independent link here)
  18. Riverwalk Court, Ratoath, Meath (see Irish Examiner link here)
  19. Kentswood Court,  Navan, Meath (see Irish Times link here)
  20. Inishowen, Donegal (see news link here)
  21. Erris, Mayo (see Mayo News link here)
  22. Derrycorris, Edenderry, Offaly (see Offaly Express link here)
  23. Moneymore, Louth (see news link here)
  24. Ceol na hAbhann, Caherconlish, Limerick (see Limerick Leader link here)
  25. Dun Ard, Craughwell, Galway (see news link here)
  26. Moyross, Limerick (see Irish Examiner link link here)
  27. Parkland, Youghal, Cork (see Irish Examiner link link here)
  28. Elm Park, Merrion Road (see Irish Independent link here)
  29. Holywell estate, Swords, Dublin (See Sunday Business Post link here)
  30. The Cubes, Sandyford, Dublin (See Independent link here)

NOTE : In compiling this post, 25 other estates affected by pyrite have not been named due to reporting restrictions (See “Location of 25 estates in pyrite probes to stay secret” Irish Independent). Homes and estates affected by mica in Donegal similarly have not been included (See Pyrite + Mica | Continuing Problems)

Other posts of interest:

Dept. of Housing withhold Fire Review into timber frame housing

Defective “Celtic Tiger” projects : The Cubes | Look Back 17

Priory Hall & Longboat Quay: “I’m convinced there are others” | Taoiseach Enda Kenny

Here’s How to Avoid Another Longboat Quay: Dublin Inquirer | Look Back 15

Longboat Quay | Irish Times Letters to the Editor

First Priory Hall, then Longboat Quay…now schools | Irish Examiner

“Risky housing sale outrageous but legal” | Longboat Quay

Complaint Procedures & Construction Industry Register? | Look Back 19

97% of Cork rental homes failed safety checks | Irish Examiner

The State still has no function in testing compliance of building regulations

Housing crisis and building inspection | Eoin O’Cofaigh

FACTCHECK: “If my house is defective, Do I have any rights?”

Firetrap Homes | “Fingal CoCo ‘head in the sand’ approach to building control”

Examiner | Housing Defects Special 

Michael Clifford: “when will we address cracks in construction?” Irish Examiner

You can still buy a non-compliant home…and it’s all perfectly legal | SI.9 Loopholes

Is the scene set for another Priory Hall? | Look Back 11

Defective schools | Are our children safe?



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